Joint flights of unmanned and manned aircraft assume technological compatibility of the onboard equipment to ensure mutual visibility and coordination of maneuvers in the field of multi-position observation systems.
Drones safe integration into a single airspace is the most important issue for the global aviation community. According to experts, with a successful solution of this task, by 2035 the UAVs market is to be about $ 70 billion in the USA (Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International: The Economic Impact), and around 12.5 billion euros in Europe respectively (SESAR European Drones Outlook Study). In Russia, by 2020, the market forecast is at $ 224 million, according to Jason & Partners Consulting.
The result of cooperation between CRTS and Kronstadt Aero should be the creation of a composite system for detecting UAVs in the air and transmitting this information to both ground services and manned aviation vehicles in the air, which will be the basis for safe coexistence of unmanned and manned aircraft in the sky.
According to Kronstadt Aero, the fundamental technological base for the unmanned aircraft flights on a routine basis - what is commonly called “integration of unmanned aircraft systems” - is the four-dimensional information about all aircraft: three-dimensional coordinates, prediction of location in time (course, speed, maneuver parameters, route points and others), identification, including the type and capabilities of aircraft for speed and maneuvering.
"The most complete and reliable data can be obtained in the system of independent cooperative surveillance, which implies both equipping the boards with ADS-B 1090ES transponders and/or Mode S transponders, as well as the availability of ground surveillance infrastructure capable of providing information to pilots of remotely piloted aircraft and pilots aviation and air traffic control", - added Sergei Bybin, CRTS.
Reliable information with a high update rate about the objects location along with potentially conflicting boards is necessary for the DAA system (Detect & Avoid). The DAA will replace the organs of vision to the remote pilot and will enable a visual assessment of the environment from the aircraft cabin. The system should provide the pilot of a remotely piloted aircraft with information about surrounding objects, generate warnings about dangerous approaches and recommendations for evasion, as well as recommendations and warnings about potential collisions.